Risk taking; a human necessity that must be managed
The taking of risk is linked to the perception of risk. Risk taking can be intentional or unintentional, individual or collective. Risk can be seen as the likelihood of an unwanted event occurring and the seriousness of the losses that would be incurred. It is linked to the notions of benefit and opportunity, and sometimes even survival. Risk takers can be divided into three types: avoiders, reducers and optimisers of risks.
The question here is one of creating, or recreating, the taste for action, innovation and creativity. One must distinguish between a priori risk (established beforehand on the basis of available data) and retrospective analysis of risk. This colloquium has an educative role to play in the promotion of a culture of risk management (risk taking is not a bad thing as long as it is both understood and controlled…). The absence of risk taking can be highly risky. We propose to bring together operators and risk analysis specialists.
The aims of the colloquium were: to improve our knowledge of the mental and psychological processes behind risk-taking behaviour; mankind and society; scientific and technological progress; intuition; entrepreneurial spirit; expert opinion; ethics; skill; judgement; creativity; prevention; inventiveness; quality; adaptation; individual and collective risk; responsibility...
The colloquium was based around three themes: managing, understanding and controlling risk. Risk-taking operators had been invited to come and talk about their real life experiences. We took stock of current knowledge on risk taking (taxonomy, mental processes, decision-making, profiles of risk takers, calculated and experienced risk...), as well as looking at educative and other actions and the controlling of associated risk.